Waveney Local Plan

Location of Growth

Figure 5 - Distribution of new housing
029 Distribution of new housing

Table 1 - Total housing growth 2014-2036 by settlement

Settlement

Total housing growth 2014-2036

Lowestoft with Carlton Colville, Oulton and Oulton Broad (including parts of Corton and Gisleham bordering the built up area.

4,991

Beccles and Worlingham

1,473

Bungay

527

Halesworth and Holton

740

Southwold and Reydon

325

Rural areas

963

Total

9,019

See Appendix 3 - Housing and Employment Land Summary and Trajectory for detailed figures

1.17 National planning policy states that development should be distributed in a way which reduces the need to travel, promotes regeneration of brownfield sites, promotes and retains existing services and supports rural areas. When considering how development is distributed, it is also necessary to consider the effects on existing infrastructure and the environment of how development is distributed.

1.18 The distribution of growth strategy detailed in Policy WLP1.1 aims to ensure the vision for the Local Plan is delivered alongside the requirements of the National Planning Policy Framework.

1.19 By allocating just over half of future development to Lowestoft, the strategy reflects the role of Lowestoft as the largest town in the District and its potential for future economic growth. It enables a continuing focus on regeneration of the central areas of the town whilst allowing for some sustainable extensions for the town. With the majority of development allocated to the largest settlement, the need for travel should be minimised. This strategy also recognises Lowestoft Town Centre as the main town centre within the District catering for the town's needs and some of the needs of the rest of the District.

1.20 The strategy allows for reasonable levels of development in the market towns. All of Waveney's market towns have good employment opportunities, a good range of services and facilities and attractive town centres making them sustainable locations for growth. Beccles and Worlingham as the second largest built-up area in Waveney is allocated a greater proportion of growth. This growth will help support and enhance the services and facilities in the town and support the town centre as the second largest retail centre within the District. Halesworth and Holton are also allocated higher proportions of growth reflecting Halesworth's status as a market town with good transport links, provision of employment facilities, shops and other services and facilities. Bungay and Southwold and Reydon are proposed to take more modest levels of growth, reflecting the environmental constraints to growth around the towns.

1.21 Importantly, the strategy reflects the need to support the numerous villages across Waveney. The strategy therefore allocates a more significant level of growth to villages than has been experienced in previous Local Plans. This reflects the fact that the sustainability circumstances of villages has changed with more people being able to work from home and using the internet for services such as shopping and banking. It also reflects the fact that without development, the population of villages will decline due to the trend of increasingly smaller households. More significant levels of development will allow people with a local connection or those who work in the rural areas to live in the rural areas. New housing should also help support existing services and facilities in the rural areas such as small rural schools and pubs and help extend super-fast broadband into these areas.

1.22 Employment land development (use classes B1, B2 and B8) and retail and leisure development is concentrated on the towns with a distribution reflecting the housing growth. This enables some balance between jobs and homes and homes and retail provision. Employment land growth has been skewed towards Lowestoft and Beccles where the Employment Land Needs Assessment identified the greatest potential demand for growth. The distribution for retail growth also reflects the advice on distribution contained within the Retail and Leisure Needs Assessment. This balance will help to reduce the need to travel and therefore create more sustainable patterns of development.

1.23 Appendix 3 of this Local Plan summarises the amount of housing for each settlement expected to be delivered over the plan period and when it will be delivered. Appendix 3 also details the amount of employment land allocated in each area.

Policy WLP1.1 - Scale and Location of Growth

  • In the period 2014 to 2036, the Council will:
  • Make provision for the delivery of a minimum 8,223 dwellings in Waveney.
  • Maximise opportunities for economic growth, with the aim of achieving a minimum of 5,000 additional jobs in Waveney. To deliver this, make provision for:
    • 43ha of employment land for B1/B2/B8 uses.
    • 2,200m2 (net) of convenience (food) and 11,000m2 (net) of comparison (non-food) retail floorspace.

In order to sustainably deliver the growth targets set out above, new residential development will be distributed across the District approximately as follows:

  • Lowestoft (including Carlton Colville, Oulton, Oulton Broad, and the parts of Gisleham and Corton bordering the built up area) - 55% of housing growth
  • Beccles and Worlingham - 15% of housing growth
  • Halesworth and Holton - 8% of housing growth
  • Bungay - 6% of housing growth
  • Southwold and Reydon - 4% of housing growth
  • Rural Area - 12% of housing growth (See Policy WLP7.1 for more detail on the distribution across rural villages)
  • Employment land development will be focused mainly in Lowestoft and Beccles and distributed approximately as follows:
  • Lowestoft (including Carlton Colville, Oulton, Oulton Broad, and the parts of Gisleham, Corton bordering the built up area) - 60% of employment land development
  • Beccles - 25% of employment land development
  • Other Market Towns and Rural Areas - 15% of employment land development
  • 60-70% of retail and leisure development will be focused in Lowestoft Town Centre as the District's main town centre. Beccles as the next largest town should accommodate approximately 15% of retail and leisure development. The remaining proportion of development should come from the other Market Towns commensurate with the level of housing and employment growth.

Provision has been made in this Local Plan through site allocations and policies to deliver this scale and strategic distribution of growth. Neighbourhood Plans can allocate additional growth to meet local needs at a scale which does not undermine the overall distribution strategy.